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print this documentDocument ID:1999021909463125
Last Modified:01/08/2003

Ghost compatibility with Linux

Situation:You are preparing to use Ghost to clone a computer that contains the Linux operating system, and you want to know whether your version of Linux has been tested with Ghost.

Solution:Whether Ghost can clone a drive or a partition from a Linux computer depends on the version of Ghost, the version of Linux, and the type of file system. In general, Ghost versions prior to 6.0 can do only sector-by-sector copies of entire drives. Ghost versions 6.0 and later are compatible with many versions of Linux and can clone both drives and individual partitions.

Ghost versions that support Linux

File systems
All Ghost versions support sector copy operations for Linux disks. Sector copy operations can clone entire disks and not individual partitions.

Ghost versions that support EXT2 or EXT3 can perform a native copy operation, which supports the cloning of individual partitions. Ghost versions that support EXT2 or EXT3 partitions allow all of the same functionality on EXT2 and EXT3 partitions as they do with FAT and NTFS partitions.


Ghost version

Supports sector copies

Supports EXT2 native copies

Supports EXT3 native copies

Norton Ghost 2003

Yes

Yes

Yes

Symantec Ghost 7.5

Yes

Yes

Yes

Norton Ghost 2002

Yes

Yes

No

Symantec Ghost 7.0

Yes

Yes

No

Symantec Ghost 6.5

Yes

Yes

No

Norton Ghost 2001

Yes

Yes

No

Norton Ghost 6.x

Yes

Yes

No

NOTES:
  • Linux files with file names that are not valid in Windows might not restore correctly using Norton Ghost Explorer. For instance, the file MYFILE.TXT, is a valid Linux file, but it cannot be restored using Norton Ghost Explorer.
  • If your Linux version uses the new Linux Kernel 2.2 and you add the extended features to the EXT2 file system, you might have problems with Ghost. Symantec is aware of the problem and is investigating its cause. There is no known solution or workaround at this time.

Linux versions
Images create and restore properly in the following versions:

Version of Linux
Operating System
Ghost
6.0 - 6.02
Ghost
6.03 - 6.04
Ghost 6.5Ghost 7.0Ghost 7.5 and 2003
Red Hat 5.2
6.0
5.2
6.0
6.1
5.2
6.0
6.1
6.2
5.2
6.0
6.1
6.2
5.2
6.0
6.1
6.2
7.2
(1) Red Hat 6.1 uses 4 KB blocks, which Ghost 6.0 - 6.02 does not work well with. See Notes following this chart.
(8) See notes regarding Red Hat 7.1.
Mandrake6.06.0
6.1
7.0
6.0
6.1
7.0
6.0
6.1
7.0
6.0
6.1
7.0
(1) Mandrake 6.1 uses 4 KB blocks, which Ghost 6.0 - 6.02 does not work well with. See Notes following this chart.
(4) The patching of LILO after cloning with Ghost 6.03 on Mandrake 7.0 will fail if the default target in /etc/lilo.conf is other than the first target. See Notes following this chart.
(7) See Notes following this chart regarding Supermount.
Caldera OpenLinux1.1
2.2
2.3
1.1
2.2
2.3
1.1
2.2
2.3
1.1
2.2
2.3
1.1
2.2
2.3
SlackwareSee notes.7.07.07.07.0(5) See Notes following this chart regarding Slackware.
Corel LinuxSee notes.1.01.01.01.0(6) See Notes following this chart regarding Corel Linux
(7) See Notes following this chart regarding Supermount.


NOTES:

(1) Both Red Hat 6.1 and Mandrake 6.1 use 4 KB block sizes by default. In some cases, Ghost 6.0 - 6.02 will work successfully on these, but this is not a supported configuration for Ghost 6.0 - 6.02. Ghost 6.03, 6.04, 6.5, 7.0 and 7.5 handle 4 KB block sizes appropriately and are supported in these configurations.

(4) Lockup problems with Mandrake 7.0 in Ghost versions 6.0 - 6.02 might be resolved by using the -ID switch on Ghost.exe. These problems were resolved in 6.03. However, the patching of LILO after cloning with Ghost 6.03 will fail if the default target in /etc/lilo.conf is other than the first target. To prevent this target problem, change the order of the targets in /etc/lilo.conf so that the default target is the first one in the list, then run /sbin/lilo to rewrite the /boot/map file.

(5) Ghost 6.0 - 6.04 might work with Slackware 7.0, provided Slackware 7.0 does not use 4 KB block sizes. However, Ghost 6.0 - 6.04 do not support Slackware 7.0 at this time.

(6) Ghost 6.03, 6.04, 6.5, 7.0 and 7.5 are compatible with Corel Linux 1.0. These Ghost version can handle the "compact" option that Corel Linux uses for LILO. Ghost 6.0 - 6.02 cannot handle the "compact" option that Corel Linux uses for LILO, so the clone will need to be booted from floppy disk after cloning.

(7) Ghost 6.04 and earlier does not work with Linux versions that use Supermount for accessing floppy disks or CDs. Ghost stops responding during computer startup and cannot be loaded into memory. Typical Linux versions that might use Supermount include Mandrake 7.0 and Caldera 2.3. This problem has been fixed in Ghost 6.5.
    (8) In testing, the Linux Hotfix to Ghost 6.51 (this hotfix is included in Symantec Ghost 7.0 and later) appears to fix some problems between Ghost and Red Hat 7.1.

    Dual booting
    Ghost supports dual booting with the Windows operating system and a supported Linux version only in a stand alone configuration. When using Ghost Multicast Server, GhostCast Server, or Ghost Console to work with a client computer, Ghost does not support dual booting on the client computer.

    For related information, see the following documents:
    Cannot start Linux or Windows NT on a dual-boot computer after cloning
    Cannot start Linux with LILO boot loader after restoring an image of a disk or partition

    SUSE
    SUSE is a popular version of Linux used in Europe. Ghost 6.03, 6.04, 6.5, 7.0 and 7.5 have not been tested on SUSE, and we do not know at this time whether these Ghost versions are compatible with SUSE. Symantec is aware that this is an important issue for many of our customers. We do not have information at this time about whether we will determine whether Ghost is compatible with SUSE, or whether Ghost might be made compatible with SUSE.

    Caldera Linux eDesktop 2.4
    This Linux version includes a new boot loader called Grand Unified Boot Loader (GRUB), which is able to work with 8 GB and larger drives. Unofficial testing has shown that Ghost can create and restore images of these drives, but that the restored system cannot bootup. To repair the restored system, boot the system with the disk you created during the Linux installation and follow the instructions for re-installing GRUB.

    GRUB
    Ghost 7.5 and earlier do not support cloning Linux computers that use the Grand Unified Boot Loader (GRUB) because Ghost 7.5 and earlier cannot patch the GRUB. Restored systems using GRUB cannot start. To repair the restored computer, start the computer with the disk you created during the Linux installation and follow the instructions for re-installing GRUB.

    For related information, see the document Cannot start Linux with GRUB boot loader after restoring an image of a disk or partition.

    Reiserfs
    Reiserfs is a new type of Linux file system. Ghost versions 7.5 and earlier do not support Reiserfs.

    Symantec Ghost 7.0 and Norton Ghost 2002
    Ghost 7.0 and 2002 include some fixes for Linux compatibility that were not included in previous Ghost versions. If you encounter problems cloning Linux disks or partitions with Ghost 6.5, upgrading to Ghost 7.0 might resolve the problem.

    Ghost 7.0 and 2002 fixed the following problems in some instances:
    Error: "29011 TmpBuff too small" while writing an image to a disk or partition
    Error: "Could not load NTSNX driver...The CMDS service is not started..." while starting the computer
    Cannot boot into Linux with LILO boot loader after restoring an image of a disk or partition


    Norton Ghost 2000, and Norton Ghost 5.1d and earlier
    Versions of Ghost prior to 6.0 do not support Linux and will only allow a direct sector-by-sector clone of the entire drive.

    Ghost 5.1d and earlier can correctly change partition sizes on FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS partitions only. When a drive is partitioned in a different format, Ghost can only perform a sector by sector copy. Sector by sector copies do not allow for there to be any changes in the geometry of the hard drive. Therefore, Ghost can be used to clone a drive to an identical drive for cloning or backup purposes. However, Ghost currently cannot be used to migrate a Linux partition.


    Translations of this document

    Please note:
    • Due to the time needed for translations into other languages, translated versions of this English document may vary from the content presented here as it could have been updated with new information during the translation process.
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    print this documentDocument ID:1999021909463125
    Last Modified:01/08/2003

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    Product(s): Norton Ghost 2000 Personal Edition, Norton Ghost 2001, Norton Ghost 4.0, Norton Ghost 5.0, Norton Ghost 6.0 Enterprise, Norton Ghost 6.0 Standard, Symantec Ghost 6.5, Symantec Ghost 7.0, Norton Ghost 2002, Symantec Ghost 7.5, Norton Ghost 2003
    Operating Systems(s): Linux
    Date Created: 02/19/1999

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