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print this documentDocument ID:1998080414355025
Last Modified:01/30/2007

How to launch Ghost

Situation:You want to run Ghost to create an image of a disk or partition or to restore an image. You want to know how to launch Ghost to do this.

Solution:How to launch Ghost can be a confusing subject because Ghost has several modules that can be launched and used in different ways to create an image file or to write an image to a disk or partition.

In most situations, using Ghost requires that you run the Ghost executable file from a floppy disk on one or more computers that were booted to DOS from a bootable floppy disk (a DOS system disk that loads the Ghost files and any necessary drivers).

This document provides a brief description of the Ghost modules used for creating and writing images, how to launch the Ghost executable file, and which modules to use for different situations.

NOTE: Some Ghost versions, such as Symantec Ghost 6.5 Enterprise Edition and Symantec Ghost 7.0, have imaging features that work with Windows settings, specific data files, or application installations. This document discusses only the imaging features that work with images of entire partitions or disks.

How to launch each Ghost module

The Ghost executable file: Ghost.exe, Ghostpe.exe or Ghostwks.exe.
In most cases, you launch this file from a bootable floppy disk at the computer you will be copying an image from or writing an image to.
  • This file can also be launched from the hard drive after starting the computer from the hard drive into a DOS environment. This method is useful only when the computer has a sufficient number of drives and partitions so that Ghost can run from a disk or partition that is not involved in the imaging process.
  • In some Ghost versions this file can also be launched from a DOS window in Windows. Do not launch it in this manner when you intend to create an image file or write an image to disk or partition.
  • When using Ghost with the 3Com Boot Services, the executable file is included in the Ghost Boot Partition Image and is run automatically from the computer's memory. This capability is only available with corporate versions of Ghost. For a list of the corporate (enterprise) Ghost versions, see the document How to determine your version of Ghost.

For details on how to launch the Ghost executable file, see the section "Running the Ghost executable file."

The Windows version of the Ghost Multicast Server.
This program runs in Windows, and can be launched from the Start Menu. Ghost Multicast Server is used when you want to write one image to many computers. It requires that you visit each of those computers so that you can run the Ghost executable file at each computer.

The DOS version of the Ghost Multicast server, Ghostsrv.exe.
The DOS version of the Ghost Multicast Server is usually launched from a bootable floppy disk. This program is seldom used.

The Ghost Enterprise Console.
This program runs in Windows, and can be launched from the Start Menu. It is available only in the corporate Ghost versions. Ghost Console is used when you want to write one image to many computers without having to visit each computer.

Prior to using the Ghost Console, prepare the client computers:
  1. Create a model computer that has the operating system and programs that you want on the client computers.
  2. Install the Ghost Client to the model computer.
  3. Create an image file of the model computer.
  4. Use Ghost Multicast Assist or Ghost Boot Wizard to create a Ghost Boot Partition image file.
  5. Use Ghost Multicast Server at the Ghost server computer and the Ghost executable file at the client computers to write the boot partition image to the client computers. This wipes out the previous contents of the disk.
  6. Use Ghost Multicast Server to write a boot partition image to each of the client computers.

Once each client computer has a Ghost boot partition and runs the Ghost Client in Windows, you can use the Ghost Console to write one image to many computers without having to visit each computer. For more details on how to prepare the client computer, see the document Preparing a workstation for control by the Ghost Console.

Running the Ghost executable file

Launching Ghost with one of the following methods will display the Ghost window and various options for you to select. This is the easiest way to run Ghost.

You can also run Ghost by adding switches (instructions) to the Ghost command line in the following methods. Switches specify Ghost options in advance. A discussion of how to use switches with Ghost is beyond the scope of this document. See your Ghost User's Guide for more information.

To run the Ghost executable file from a floppy disk:
  1. Start the computer from a DOS system disk, and then run Ghost from the same floppy disk.
  2. Copy the Ghost executable file to a DOS system disk. See the document How to create a DOS system disk for Ghost.
  3. Insert the DOS system disk into the floppy disk drive.
  4. Start the computer. This will display the DOS prompt, such as A:\
  5. Run the Ghost executable file:
    • For Ghost 4.x, 5.x, 6.x, or 7.0 type:

      Ghost.exe
    • For Ghost 2000 Professional Edition, Ghost 2001, or Ghost 2002, type:

      Ghostpe.exe
    • For Ghost Works (the Ghost included in Norton SystemWorks 2.x), type:

      Ghostwks.exe
You can also launch Ghost from a floppy disk during the bootup process by loading it from the Autoexec.bat file (that is on the floppy disk) or by loading a batch file (that you created) from Autoexec.bat.

To run the Ghost executable file from the hard disk:
  1. Boot the computer into DOS with any of the following methods. This will display the DOS prompt, such as C:\Windows\>
    • If you have Windows 95 or Windows 98, click Start, and then Shutdown and choose Restart in MS-DOS mode.
    • While starting Windows 95, press F8, and then choose Command Prompt only from the Startup menu.
    • While starting Windows 98, hold down the Ctrl key, and select Command Prompt only from the Startup menu.
  2. Run the Ghost executable file:
    • For Ghost 4.x, 5.x, or 6.x, type:

      Ghost.exe
    • For Ghost 2000 Professional Edition or Ghost 2001, type:

      Ghostpe.exe
    • For Ghost Works (the Ghost included in Norton SystemWorks 2.x), type:

      Ghostwks.exe

CAUTION: Do not run the executable file from the same disk or partition that you will use Ghost to create an image of, or the disk or partition that you will write an image to. In these situations, Ghost cannot successfully complete the imaging process. You can run Ghost from the same disk or partition that you will use Ghost to save an image file to, as long as the disk or partition has sufficient free disk space for saving the image file.

Running the Ghost executable file from within Windows
Do not run the Ghost executable file from inside Windows 3.x, Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows Me. Even though you might successfully create images in Windows 3.x/95/98/Me, we do not recommend it. Any file that changes during the imaging process might not be saved correctly by Ghost. In addition, you will need to create a DOS recovery boot disk in the event that there is no operating system to boot into.

Do not run the Ghost executable file from inside Windows NT, Windows 2000, or OS/2. Because these operating systems prevent Ghost from accessing the hard drive directly, Ghost will not execute properly. To run the Ghost executable file at a Windows NT, Windows 2000, or OS/2 computer to create an image of that computer, start the computer from a DOS system disk, and then run Ghost from the same floppy disk.

Typical situations

Here are some typical situations in which you would use the Ghost executable file.

Using Ghost for one computer only
When you want to run Ghost at a computer to create or restore images at that computer only, you run the Ghost executable file at that computer (Ghost.exe, Ghostpe.exe, or Ghostwks.exe, depending on your version of Ghost) and choose the option Local. In most situations, you boot the computer from a DOS system disk that includes the Ghost files and run the Ghost executable file from the floppy disk. See the section "Running the Ghost executable file."

See the document How to create an image of a drive and save it on a different local drive.

Using Ghost to create an image of a disk or partition and save the image as a file on another computer
In this situation, you normally run the Ghost executable file at the computer you will create the image of. What you run at the second computer (where you save the image file) depends on which method you use for transferring the information, your connection type, and whether you use Ghost Multicast or Enterprise Console. Here are some typical configurations:
  • Run Ghost.exe at the source computer and at the destination computer. Choose the option LPT for computers that are connected through a parallel port.
  • Run Ghost.exe at the source computer and at the destination computer. Choose the option USB for computers that are connected to each other with a USB cable.
  • Run Ghost.exe at the source computer and at the destination computer. Choose the option TCP/IP for computers that are connected to each other through a network interface card at each computer.
  • Run Ghost.exe at the source computer, and Ghost Multicast Server at the server computer. Both computers have a network interface card. In Ghost.exe, choose the Multicast option. In Ghost Multicast Server, select the option Dump from Client. You can save the image file on the Ghost server computer, or on a different computer on the same network. Note that the source computer is booted from a Network Boot Disk created in Ghost Boot Wizard (or in earlier Ghost versions, a Ghost Multicast Client boot disk that was created in Ghost Multicast Assist). See the document How to use Multicast Server to create an image file with Ghost 6.5 or How to use Multicast Server to create an image file with Ghost 7.0.
  • Run Ghost Enterprise Console at the server computer. Both computers have a network interface card. You can save the image file on the Ghost server computer, or on a different computer on the same network. Note that the source computer is booted into a hidden Ghost boot partition that was created when you prepared the computer for control by the Ghost Console. Ghost automatically launches Ghost.exe as necessary.

Not all Ghost versions are capable of all the configurations listed here. For instance, Ghost.exe in Norton Ghost 2001 and Norton Ghost 6.0 versions do not have the TCP/IP option, although Norton Ghost 6.0 versions can run over TCP/IP when using the Multicast option. Norton Ghost 2000 and Norton Ghost 2001 do not have corporate features, such as Ghost Multicast Server and Ghost Enterprise Console.

See the document Using Ghost Personal Edition to move images between computers for more detail on typical configurations for Norton Ghost 2000, Norton Ghost 2001, Norton Ghost 6.0 versions, and Symantec Ghost 6.5 and later.

Using Ghost to write an image to one or more computers
In this situation, you already have a Ghost image file, and you want to write that image over a disk or partition. Run the Ghost executable file at the destination computer (the computer that has the disk or partition that will be written over). As before, what you run at the second computer (where you are saving the image file) depends on which method you use for transferring the information, your connection type, and whether you use Ghost Multicast or Enterprise Console.

Here are some typical configurations:
  • Run Ghost.exe at the source computer and at the destination computer. Choose the option LPT, USB, or TCP/IP. If using the TCP/IP option, the computers are connected to each other through a network interface card at each computer.
  • Run Ghost.exe at the destination computer, and Ghost Multicast Server at the server computer. Both computers have a network interface card. In Ghost.exe, choose the Multicast option. In Ghost Multicast Server, select the option Load to Clients. With Multicast Server, you can write the image to many computers on the network at the same time. Note that the destination computers are booted from a Network Boot Disk created in Ghost Boot Wizard (or in earlier Ghost versions, a Ghost Multicast Client boot disk that was created in Ghost Multicast Assist). See the document How to use Multicast Server to write an image to many computers with Ghost 6.5 or How to use Multicast Server to write an image to many computers with Ghost 7.0.
  • Run Ghost Enterprise Console at the server computer. Both computers have a network interface card. With Ghost Console, you can write the image to many computers on the network at the same time without having to visit each computer. Note that the destination computers are each booted into a hidden Ghost boot partition that was created when you prepared the computers for control by the Ghost Console. Ghost automatically launches Ghost.exe as necessary. See the document How to use the Ghost Console to write an image to many computers.

Not all Ghost versions are capable of all the configurations listed here. For information on configurations that run Ghost.exe at both computers, see the document Using Ghost Personal Edition to move images between computers for more detail for Norton Ghost 2000, Norton Ghost 2001, Norton Ghost 2002, Norton Ghost 6.0 versions, and Symantec Ghost 6.5 and later.


More information

Which bootable floppy disk to use
Choosing an appropriate bootable floppy disk can also be a confusing subject. Your choice of which type of bootable floppy disk to create depends on the method that you choose for imaging. For a list of these choices and which boot disk to create, see the document How to choose a type of boot disk or boot image.

Here are some additional guidelines:
  • If using Ghost for one computer only, use a DOS system disk for Ghost. This disk should include any DOS drivers that are necessary for accessing devices you intend to use, such as a CD-ROM drive or Jaz drive.
    NOTE: If restoring an image (that is, writing an image to a disk or partition on the computer) from a bootable CD-ROM drive in Norton Ghost 2001, Norton Ghost 2002, Symantec Ghost 6.5 Enterprise Edition, or Symantec Ghost 7.0, use a "CD-ROM Boot Disk" that you create in Ghost Boot Wizard, instead of a DOS system disk.
  • If using Ghost.exe with the LPT, USB, or TCP/IP option, consult the table "Boot disks listed by use" in the document How to choose a type of boot disk or boot image.
  • If using Ghost.exe at one computer and Ghost Multicast Server at the other computer, use a Network Boot Disk created in Ghost Boot Wizard (or in earlier Ghost versions, a Ghost Multicast Client boot disk that was created in Ghost Multicast Assist).
  • If using Ghost Enterprise Console, you do not start the client computers from a boot floppy disk. Instead, the Ghost Client has the client computers restart into the Ghost boot partition and automatically run Ghost.exe from there. For this configuration, create a Ghost Boot Partition Image in Ghost Boot Wizard or Ghost Multicast Assist, and see the document Preparing a workstation for control by the Ghost Console for how to get the boot partition written to the client computers.
  • If using Ghost with the 3Com Boot Services, you do not start the client computers from a boot floppy disk. Instead, the client computers boot from an image that they download from the boot server, and automatically run Ghost.exe from that image. For this configuration, create a Ghost Boot Partition Image in Ghost Boot Wizard or Ghost Multicast Assist.


Terminology: The Ghost Client, Ghost Multicast Client, and Ghost Multicast Client Boot Disk
The Ghost Client, which is the file NGctw32.exe, is available only in the corporate versions of Ghost. You run this file on the client computers to communicate with the Ghost Console at the Ghost server computer.

The term Ghost Multicast Client describes a portion of the Ghost executable file that acts as a network client. The term Ghost Multicast Client refers to the Ghost executable file.

The term Ghost Multicast Client Boot Disk refers to a bootable floppy disk that loads DOS, the files necessary for accessing the network (such as packet drivers or NDIS drivers), and the Ghost executable file. In Norton Ghost 2001, Norton Ghost 2002, and in Symantec Ghost 6.5 Enterprise Edition and later versions, Ghost refers to this disk as the Network Boot Disk or Peer-to-Peer Network Boot Disk.

Terminology: The Ghost server
The term Ghost Server refers to the computer at which you run the Ghost Multicast Server or the Ghost Enterprise Console (Ghost Console). This is the computer where you installed Ghost, and chose Server or Console (instead of Client or Console Client) during the installation. Sometimes the term is used to refer to the programs Ghost Multicast Server or Ghost Console instead of the computer.

Ghost Multicast Server and Ghost Console are available only in the corporate versions of Ghost.

When you do not have access to a Jaz, Zip, or CD-ROM drive
When you run the Ghost executable file and you need to access removable media (such as a CD-ROM drive, Jaz drive, or Zip drive) for saving image files or reading image files, you must load DOS drivers for those devices. Consult the manufacturer of the device for instructions on loading device drivers.

When you do not have access to the network
When you run the Ghost executable file and you need to access a network drive for saving image files or reading image files, you must load files for accessing the Network Interface Card (NIC) and files for accessing the network.
    NOTE: Norton Ghost Personal Edition (Ghost PE) and Ghost Works (the version of Ghost included in Norton SystemWorks 2000, Professional Edition) cannot move images over most network connections because these Ghost versions cannot use TCP/IP connections or IPX connections. When installed on a network computer, Ghost will not see the drives that are on other computers on the network (that is, network drives). For more information, see the document Using Ghost Professional Edition to move images between computers. Norton Ghost 2001 can use a TCP/IP connection when you choose the TCP/IP option from Ghostpe.exe.
  • To access the NIC, you will need either packet drivers or NDIS drivers. For more information, see your NIC's documentation, or contact the NIC manufacturer. Many NIC manufacturer's maintain Web sites with information regarding NIC drivers.
  • To access the network, you need files provided for that purpose. These can be the "client" for a particular type of network, such as the Microsoft Client files or Novel NetWare Client files. Alternatively, you can access another computer on the network by using the Ghost Multicast Client instead of a network client.

  • print this documentDocument ID:1998080414355025
    Last Modified:01/30/2007

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    Product(s): Symantec Ghost 7.0, Symantec Ghost 7.5
    Operating Systems(s): DOS, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows ME, Windows 2000, Linux
    Date Created: 08/04/1998
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